Wednesday, April 13, 2011

Natural hair: Bantu knots, a little History lesson about Bantu's origins

Being born and raised in Africa I remember learning in my elementary history classes about the Bantu! I remember how I was fascinated to learn about many of the kingdoms in Africa and how the Bantu ruled many African Kingdoms.  Growing up on what some will refer to as “The Motherland” I was taught at an early age about African History and I was extremely fascinated with my heritage. I might not remember everything that was taught to me at my young age but I have kept my respect for the culture and pride in knowing where I come from.

Today, with many people referring to Bantu Knots as a hairstyle for people enjoying Natural hair I wanted to share some about the origins of the Bantu and some facts that are probably unknown to most people.  A little while ago I did an interview about my friend's hair journey, her chosen name is Africa. Below is a picture of one of her good friends in Bantu knots!


A few random facts about Bantu


  • Bantu knots are also called Zulu knots you will see why as you keep reading.
  • Bantu originated from West Africa. It’s through many waves of migration that they spread through other parts of the continent!
  • Among the groups that were taken as slaves from Africa, Bantu comprised most of the African slaves. So sad to say, but many of you black sisters and brothers reading this might be of Bantu origins.
  • Bantu means “People” in many Bantu languages. I say Bantu languages because in Africa it’s common for many groups to speak a language with some variations. The same way someone in the Northern parts of the US might say or pronounce a few words differently from someone in the South.
  • A common characteristic of Bantu languages is that they use a stem form such as -ntu or -tu for 'person', and the plural prefix for people in many languages is ba-, together giving ba-ntu "people."
  • The word Bantu was first used by Wilhelm Bleek (1827-1875). Bleek was a linguist born in Germany.  His dad was a professor of Theology at Berlin University and Bonn University. Bleek graduated from the University of Bonn in 1851 with a doctorate in linguistic. He studied Hebrew before falling in love with African languages. He moved and lived in South Africa and spent most of his life there researching and investigating the languages. It’s in Cape Town that he met his wife Jemina Llyod.  His wife did with him much of his researches and continued alone after his death. He actually died in South Africa and was buried in Cape Town.  See!!! Now you know about the man who was the first to use the word BANTU!

  • Bantu groups had a specific division of tasks between men and women. The men worked as herdsmen, artisans and hunters. Women were in charge of the farming and housework and oftentimes worked as a team by organizing their tasks as a commune. This is actually very common in many ethnic groups throughout the continent!
  • Bantu comprises over 400 ethnic groups in Africa.From Cameroon (central Africa), Southern Africa, Central Africa and Eastern Africa. There are many variation to the Bantu language but they still maintained a few common  customs and languages.
  • In South Africa the term Bantu was used as a very derogatory word toward the Black South Africans especially during apartheid. 

  • There are a whole lot of things to be said about Bantu in the context of Southern Africa. In Southern Africa the Bantu language was divided into two main groups the Nguni which included the Zulu and Xhosa language for example and the Sotho-Tswana. The Nguni were known to occupy the eastern coastal plain whereas the Sotho generally occupied the plateau (wow, so many childhood memories of my geography and history classes are rushing up in my brain as I am typing this).  
  • What's interesting on the subject of Nguni and Sotho is that Nguni changes in their pronunciation of Bantu words included the addition of click sounds!
  • In other parts of Africa Bantu it's not  seen as a derogatory term.
  • Another thing that's cool to know is that based on the regions where they lived people developped important skills.
  • It's the Bantu who reached the central rainforest regions while migrating away from the drying sahara who developped new agricultural techniques and plants notably in Zambia, they used advanced technologies during the iron age. They also brought the concept of cattle raising to regions that were unfamiliar with raising cattles.
  • One of the most fascninating fact to me growing up was the history of the Great Zimbabwe city. It was the capital of a major empire.  The city was known for its trade routes benefiting arabic traders of the Swahili coast. Even China was reported to trade there as well. The trade included goods such as gold, copper, ivory,animal hides, precious stones, metal etc.. Can you see how rich the continent has always been?
  • Nowadays Bantu is more referred to as a language group. There is now little need to refer to it as a specific ethnic group.  Did you know that the Swahili is a Bantu language? It’s not just spoken in Kenya as many people tend to assume. It’s actually considered the main language among  50 + millions people living in countries along Africa’s East Coast!



 This picture I found online is apparently from a Somali who specified that in her language bantu knots are called duuduubs.

  • The Bantu in Somalia are originally from ethnic groups in what is today Tanzania, Malawi and Mozambique. They were brought to Somalia in the 19th century as slaves.  In Somalia Bantu are an ethnic minority. They speak Somali as very few have kept the Bantu language. They may have darker skin than the lighter skinned Somali and rounder facial features.
  •   The Bantu were brought to Somalia not because of migration but because of slavery in the 19th. When I think of Somali Bantu I am saddened by many of the unjust treatments they have endured especially during Somali Civil War. I am certain many of you had heard a few years ago of the Somali taking refuge in American cities because they were evicted from their lands and suffered from wars, persecution and famine.
  • Well, I said this was an introduction if I keep going we will all feel like we are seated in a lecture on a College campus. There is nothing wrong with that!It's just that I want you to retain most of what you've read so I will stop at that. I might come up with a part 2 because there is just so much that can be said about the Bantu origin and the history of the African continent! 
I hope you enjoyed learning more about the origins of the term Bantu! For my Black readers I hope this article will trigger a sense of pride for your heritage.  For my other readers I hope you will appreciate something totally new. It's great to be better educated. Don't you think?

If it's your first visit on the site please become a Follower and Like the facebook page Goodhealthdiva.  I would love to know what you think so please leave some comments and give us all the pleasure of reading your feedbacks or your perspectives!
What do you think about all that you just read?Have any of you done Bantu knots before?Want me to show off your bantu knots?

20 comments:

  1. Fabulous and so informative. This is a great history lesson!

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  2. WOW! Thanks for sharing....This is wonderful ;-)

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  3. love it! I've never wore the style before,But if I do try it, I'm pretty sure I will be more appreciative/proud then I would have been had I not read this. :) xoxo

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  4. Little strange but so beautiful.....

    I love African nature too......

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  5. @Dani, you are right knowing the origin of something can make us more appreciative of its value!
    @Dulantha Thanks!
    @Africa,Keyanna and Robin I am very honored that you appreciated this post. Writing this post and sharing some of my continent's history meant a lot to me!

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  6. Very interesting, and I have done Bantu knots on my daughter...so neat to know where the word came from and the meaning behind it!

    untrainedhairmom.blogspot.com

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  7. This was super! I truly enjoyed this post. So much information. I keep wondering if this is not what we call 'corkscrews'?

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  8. @Ds Mommy Thank you!
    @ Naturaleza I am so glad you enjoyed this post.
    I don't know but to think of it the style does look like 'corkscrews' so it would be a fitting name and with the given history of slavery time I can see how corkscrews could have been an adapted named in some regions.

    I love researching the origin of things and I must admit that this post is one I am actually the proudest of because I was born on the African continent and it felt very special to share all this information!

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  9. I LOVED reading this sis. I just adore reading anything that has to do with Africa, but especially this because it has to do with History AND Natural Hair which are 2 of my most favorite things!! Thanks for posting it and for sharing it on ONK!

    Peace :))

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  10. I feel that every style we use on black hair must have a story. I know they have the Ghana Braids, Senegalese Twists, etc. I would love to know more about their orgins!

    Thanks for this I can't wait to do my first Bantu Knot-out!

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  11. Very interesting and educational article. I just have one point of correction. Cameroon is not in West Africa, but is rather part of Central Africa. I do know that some Cameroonians consider themselves West African, but officially they are part of Central Africa. Just wanted to clear that up.

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  12. Nice reading up a history of Bantu the word, and seeing how this particular style is referred to by different people. I always wonder the origins of certain styles or the naming behind it...like Senegalese twists! LOL Thanks for the post

    http://thetravelbugandlifelessons.blogspot.com/

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  13. Stumbled upon this post in researching the origin of bantu knots, and this was a great post! Very informative! Thank you!

    -Kris

    The Kris Bliss

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  14. Wow good information. This makes me want to study African history. We call them "corkscrews" in Grenada (Caribbean).

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    1. Thanks Msy Chrissy. I can see why you call it corkscrew it makes sense looking at the style :-)
      Please join us on Facebook and check my Pinterest page
      Healthy Can Be Done! If you like to browse at some of my Natural Hair pins!

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  15. My family is Jamaican and I grew up to know them as Chinese bumps! Great info here I will refer others to this post. Check out my natural hair pictures on my blog: www.sajecreations.blogspot.com

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  16. VERY INTERESTING!

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  17. Thanks!! This is really interesting and very helpful as I'm writing a report on the Bantu people. I really enjoyed this.

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  18. For my daughter's dance class I sometimes put her hair in "zulu knots" (which is what I've always called them). We home school and today she asked about the hair style and who wears zulu knots. I knew they were of African origin, but not much more, so off to the internet we went!! Thanks for posting the History of Bantu!!

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